Nutrition in the twenty-first century

Nutrition in the twenty-first century


I think science is quite
good at identifying where the major risks lie and
the risks we pose to us change throughout life
cycles so if you start very early on in life what’s really
important is the women who go into pregnancy
don’t go into pregnancy obese and are well nourished
because the mother sets up what is going to happen for
the life of the offspring so some dietary diseases are programmed
in infancy and so if you get a bad start in life you’re more likely to
have diet related problems like diabetes in adult life. So for maternal nutrition it’s
very important and key messages there I think are that women
who are contemplating a pregnancy need to have an adequate
intake of folic to stop neural tube defects, not drinking in
pregnancy and maintaining a healthy weight and also going
beyond that is promoting breast feeding is very
important for normal growth. So rapid growth in infancy
is probably not a good thing. Infants who are breast fed
grow quite gently and a gentle rate of growth seems
to be associated with a longer life expectancy. When we get to children
the problems are about supporting good growth so
start of with good bones but they don’t overeat and get fat
and with kids it is a matter of having some rules I think is
very important, fixed meal times. I think one of the areas
I emphasis is there’s a shift I think to unstructured eating,
it’s an American sort of way of eating, eating
food on the hoof. So food is available 24-7
now and a lot of the food portions served outside the
home are quite large and even inside the home we’re
finding that portion size is going up because people
are using bigger sized plates.

Daniel Yohans

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